Đề thi THPTQG THPT Thượng Cát Hà Nội Môn: Tiếng Anh Năm 2020

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Câu 1

Choose A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that is pronounced differently from
the others in each of the following questions.
Question 1.

A.

misses

B.

hates

C.

messages

D.

closes

Câu 2

Choose A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that is pronounced differently from
the others in each of the following questions.
Question 2

A.

shown

B.

flown

C.

grown

D.

crown

Câu 3

Choose A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from the rest in the
position of the main stress in each of the following questions.
Question 3.

A.

adapt

B.

conference

C.

reserve

D.

prefer

Câu 4

Choose A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from the rest in the
position of the main stress in each of the following questions.
Question 4.

A.

authority

B.

associate

C.

television

D.

essential

Câu 5

Choose A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the underlined part that needs correction in
each of the following questions
Question 5.
Mathematics is such important field and serves so many of the sciences that it is a prerequisite
for studying every scientific discipline.

A.

is

B.

such important

C.

it

D.

for studying

Câu 6

Choose A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the underlined part that needs correction in
each of the following questions
Question 6.
The visual nerves of the brain interprets wave-lengths of light as perceptions of color.

A.

nerves of

B.

interprets

C.

wave-lengths

D.

light as

Câu 7

Choose A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the underlined part that needs correction in
each of the following questions
Question 7.
Prevented the soil from erosion, the trees planted by the farmer many years before were what
stopped the flood from reaching his house.

A.

Prevented

B.

before

C.

what

D.

from reaching

Câu 8

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the
following questions.
Question 8. 
The Boeing 747 is twice_______ the Boeing 707.

A.

bigger than

B.

more bigger than

C.

as big as

D.

as bigger as

Câu 9

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the
following questions.
Question 9.
They stayed for hours, ______ my mother was very annoyed about.

A.

that

B.

this

C.

which

D.

whom

Câu 10

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the
following questions.
Question 10:
I will stand here and wait for you______ you come back.

A.

because

B.

though

C.

so

D.

until

Câu 11

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the
following questions.
Question 11.
She could ______ in the garden when we came around, which would explain why she didn’t
hear the bell.

A.

work

B.

be working

C.

have worked

D.

have been working

Câu 12

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the
following questions.
Question 12.
It is essential that Alice ______ Tome of the meeting tomorrow.

A.

will remind

B.

must remind

C.

reminds

D.

remind

Câu 13

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the
following questions.
Question 13
. During a period of expansion, a firm often requires an increased number of ______ to
perform the additional labor.

A.

employees

B.

employment

C.

employed

D.

employers

Câu 14

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the
following questions.
Question 14.
The boy _____ having had anything to do with the break-in.

A.

refused

B.

denied

C.

objected

D.

rejected

Câu 15

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the
following questions.
Question 15:
Mr. Albert is intelligent but he_______ common sense.

A.

fails

B.

lacks

C.

misses

D.

lacks of

Câu 16

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the
following questions.
Question 16:
Tuition fee must be paid _______ before or on the due date.

A.

neither

B.

either

C.

also

D.

not only

Câu 17

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the
following questions.
Question 17.
I know we had an argument, but now I’d quite like to _______.

A.

look down

B.

fall out

C.

make up

D.

bring up

Câu 18

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the
following questions.
Question 18.
The director retired early _______ ill health.

A.

on behalf of

B.

ahead of

C.

on account of

D.

in front of

Câu 19

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the
following questions.
Question 19.
Next year, we're going on a cheap _____ holiday to Portugal. The flight and the hotel are
included in the price.

A.

packet

B.

inclusive

C.

overall

D.

package

Câu 20

Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the most suitable response to
complete each of the following exchanges.
Question 20:Ann:
“More coffee? Anybody?”
Brian: “_________________”

A.

I don’t agree, I’m afraid.

B.

It’s right I think.

C.

I’d love to.

D.

Yes, please.

Câu 21

Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the most suitable response to
complete each of the following exchanges.
Question 21: - Trang:
“Thank you very much for inviting me to your house."

- Susan: "__________________"

A.

It’s my pleasure.

B.

Take a seat.

C.

The food is ready.

D.

Not now.

Câu 22

Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to
the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.
Question 22: 
There is no alternative. The president must approve the bill if the Congress passes it

A.

possible agreement

B.

improvement

C.

other choice

D.

change

Câu 23

Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to
the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.
Question 23:
The guards were ordered to get to the king's room on the double.

A.

in a larger number

B.

very quickly

C.

on the second floor

D.

every two hours

Câu 24

Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning
to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.
Question 24:
You should praise yourself for having achieved such a high score in the graduation exam.

A.

criticize yourself

B.

love yourself

C.

be proud

D.

check yourself

Câu 25

Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning
to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.
Question 25:
The machine has been out of order since last month.

A.

under repair

B.

functioning well

C.

sold out

D.

refusing orders

Câu 26

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is closest in
meaning to each of the following questions.
Question 26. "Do you believe in what the boy says, Mary?" said Tom.

A.

Tom asked Mary if she believed in what the boy said.

B.

Tom asked Mary to believe in what the boy said.

C.

Tom asked Mary whether she believes in what the boy says.

D.

Tom said that Mary believed in what the boy said.

Câu 27

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is closest in
meaning to each of the following questions.
Question 27.
John is fat because he eats so many chips.

A.

If John didn’t eat so many chips, he would not be fat.

B.

John is fat though he eats so many chips.

C.

Being fat, John eats so many chips.

D.

If John doesn’t eat so many chips, he will not be fat.

Câu 28

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is closest in
meaning to each of the following questions.
Question 28.
People say he won a lot of money on the lottery.

A.

He is said to have won a lot of money on the lottery.

B.

He was said to win a lot of money on the lottery.

C.

He is said that he won a lot of money on the lottery.

D.

He won a lot of money on the lottery, it is said.

Câu 29

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best combines
each pair of sentences in the following questions.
Question 29:
We were all surprised when she suddenly came back.

A.

All of us found it surprising that she suddenly came back.

B.

The fact that we were surprised made her come back.

C.

All of us were amazing to see her come back.

D.

She was surprised, coming back suddenly.

Câu 30

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best combines
each pair of sentences in the following questions.
Question 30.
"I am sorry, I forgot our appointment yesterday," said Jean to the dentist.

A.

Jean apologized the dentist for having forgotten our appointment the day before.

B.

Jean apologized to the dentist for having forgotten their appointment the day before.

C.

Jean apologized the dentist having forgotten their appointment the day before.

D.

Jean apologized to the dentist for having forgotten our appointment the day before.

Câu 31

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to choose the
word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks.

In addition to the challenge to be excellent, American schools have been facing novel problems. They must
(31)___ with an influx of immigrant children, many of whom speak little or no English. They must respond to
demands that the curriculum reflect the various cultures of all children. Schools must make sure that students
develop (32)_____ skills for the job market, and they must consider the needs of nontraditional students,
such as teenage mothers.
Schools are addressing these problems in ways that reflect the diversity of the US educational system. They
are hiring or training large numbers of teachers of English as a second language and, in some countries,
setting up bilingual schools. They are opening (33)______ the traditional European-centered curriculum to
embrace material from American, Asian, and other cultures.
Schools are also teaching cognitive skills to the nearly 40 percent of American students who do not go on to
higher education. In the (34)______ of a recent report by the Commission on Achieving Necessary Skills, “A
strong back, the willingness to work, and a high school diploma were once all that was necessary to
(35)____ a start in America.

( Extracted from Info USA-CD Version)

Question 31:

A.

do

B.

stay

C.

fight

D.

cope

Câu 32

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to choose the
word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks.

In addition to the challenge to be excellent, American schools have been facing novel problems. They must
(31)___ with an influx of immigrant children, many of whom speak little or no English. They must respond to
demands that the curriculum reflect the various cultures of all children. Schools must make sure that students
develop (32)_____ skills for the job market, and they must consider the needs of nontraditional students,
such as teenage mothers.
Schools are addressing these problems in ways that reflect the diversity of the US educational system. They
are hiring or training large numbers of teachers of English as a second language and, in some countries,
setting up bilingual schools. They are opening (33)______ the traditional European-centered curriculum to
embrace material from American, Asian, and other cultures.
Schools are also teaching cognitive skills to the nearly 40 percent of American students who do not go on to
higher education. In the (34)______ of a recent report by the Commission on Achieving Necessary Skills, “A
strong back, the willingness to work, and a high school diploma were once all that was necessary to
(35)____ a start in America.

( Extracted from Info USA-CD Version)


Question 32:

A.

base

B.

basis

C.

basic

D.

basics

Câu 33

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to choose the
word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks.

In addition to the challenge to be excellent, American schools have been facing novel problems. They must
(31)___ with an influx of immigrant children, many of whom speak little or no English. They must respond to
demands that the curriculum reflect the various cultures of all children. Schools must make sure that students
develop (32)_____ skills for the job market, and they must consider the needs of nontraditional students,
such as teenage mothers.
Schools are addressing these problems in ways that reflect the diversity of the US educational system. They
are hiring or training large numbers of teachers of English as a second language and, in some countries,
setting up bilingual schools. They are opening (33)______ the traditional European-centered curriculum to
embrace material from American, Asian, and other cultures.
Schools are also teaching cognitive skills to the nearly 40 percent of American students who do not go on to
higher education. In the (34)______ of a recent report by the Commission on Achieving Necessary Skills, “A
strong back, the willingness to work, and a high school diploma were once all that was necessary to
(35)____ a start in America.

( Extracted from Info USA-CD Version)


Question 33:

A.

on

B.

into

C.

for

D.

up

Câu 34

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to choose the
word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks.

In addition to the challenge to be excellent, American schools have been facing novel problems. They must
(31)___ with an influx of immigrant children, many of whom speak little or no English. They must respond to
demands that the curriculum reflect the various cultures of all children. Schools must make sure that students
develop (32)_____ skills for the job market, and they must consider the needs of nontraditional students,
such as teenage mothers.
Schools are addressing these problems in ways that reflect the diversity of the US educational system. They
are hiring or training large numbers of teachers of English as a second language and, in some countries,
setting up bilingual schools. They are opening (33)______ the traditional European-centered curriculum to
embrace material from American, Asian, and other cultures.
Schools are also teaching cognitive skills to the nearly 40 percent of American students who do not go on to
higher education. In the (34)______ of a recent report by the Commission on Achieving Necessary Skills, “A
strong back, the willingness to work, and a high school diploma were once all that was necessary to
(35)____ a start in America.

( Extracted from Info USA-CD Version)


Question 34:

A.

minds

B.

directions

C.

words

D.

ways

Câu 35

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to choose the
word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks.

In addition to the challenge to be excellent, American schools have been facing novel problems. They must
(31)___ with an influx of immigrant children, many of whom speak little or no English. They must respond to
demands that the curriculum reflect the various cultures of all children. Schools must make sure that students
develop (32)_____ skills for the job market, and they must consider the needs of nontraditional students,
such as teenage mothers.
Schools are addressing these problems in ways that reflect the diversity of the US educational system. They
are hiring or training large numbers of teachers of English as a second language and, in some countries,
setting up bilingual schools. They are opening (33)______ the traditional European-centered curriculum to
embrace material from American, Asian, and other cultures.
Schools are also teaching cognitive skills to the nearly 40 percent of American students who do not go on to
higher education. In the (34)______ of a recent report by the Commission on Achieving Necessary Skills, “A
strong back, the willingness to work, and a high school diploma were once all that was necessary to
(35)____ a start in America.

( Extracted from Info USA-CD Version)


Question 35:

A.

make

B.

take

C.

get

D.

bring

Câu 36

Read the following passage and choose A, B, C or D to indicate the correct answer to each of the
following questions.

In many ways, the increasingly rapid pace of climate change is a direct result of the growth of the
human population. In the last 100 years, the world population has more than tripled, from just under 2 billion
at the beginning of the century to nearly 7 billion today. In addition, the average person uses more energy
and natural resources than the average person one hundred years ago, meaning that the rates of
consumption are actually much higher than just the increase in population would imply. For example, it took
the world 125 years to use the first one trillion barrels of oil. The next trillion barrels will be used in less than
30 years, which is almost 5 times as fast, not three.
All of these activities: food production, energy usage, and the use of natural resources, contribute to climate
change in some way. The greater amounts of oil and other fuels burned to create energy release chemicals
which add to global warming. In order to produce more food, farmers cut down trees to gain more land for
their fields. In addition, we cut down trees to build the houses needed for a larger population. Those trees
are an essential part of controlling global warming; others are too numerous to mention.
In addition to a growing population, the world also has a population that desires a higher standard of
living than in the past, and a higher standard of living requires the use of even more natural resources. A look
at one country will provide a clear example of this fact. China is the world’s most populous nation, with 1.3
billion people. Currently, the standard of living for most of those people is far below that of people in first
world nations. Therefore, the average Chinese citizen uses far fewer natural resources and less energy than
the average citizen of the US or Japan. But China is growing in power, and more of its citizens are beginning
to expect a first world lifestyle. If every Chinese person attains a first world lifestyle, the amount of energy
and natural resources needed in the world will double, even if the standard of living in every other nation on
Earth remains the same as it is today.

Question 36. How many years did it take the world years to use the first one trillion barrels of
oil?

A.

100 years

B.

125 years

C.

30 years

D.

7 years

Câu 37

Read the following passage and choose A, B, C or D to indicate the correct answer to each of the
following questions.

In many ways, the increasingly rapid pace of climate change is a direct result of the growth of the
human population. In the last 100 years, the world population has more than tripled, from just under 2 billion
at the beginning of the century to nearly 7 billion today. In addition, the average person uses more energy
and natural resources than the average person one hundred years ago, meaning that the rates of
consumption are actually much higher than just the increase in population would imply. For example, it took
the world 125 years to use the first one trillion barrels of oil. The next trillion barrels will be used in less than
30 years, which is almost 5 times as fast, not three.
All of these activities: food production, energy usage, and the use of natural resources, contribute to climate
change in some way. The greater amounts of oil and other fuels burned to create energy release chemicals
which add to global warming. In order to produce more food, farmers cut down trees to gain more land for
their fields. In addition, we cut down trees to build the houses needed for a larger population. Those trees
are an essential part of controlling global warming; others are too numerous to mention.
In addition to a growing population, the world also has a population that desires a higher standard of
living than in the past, and a higher standard of living requires the use of even more natural resources. A look
at one country will provide a clear example of this fact. China is the world’s most populous nation, with 1.3
billion people. Currently, the standard of living for most of those people is far below that of people in first
world nations. Therefore, the average Chinese citizen uses far fewer natural resources and less energy than
the average citizen of the US or Japan. But China is growing in power, and more of its citizens are beginning
to expect a first world lifestyle. If every Chinese person attains a first world lifestyle, the amount of energy
and natural resources needed in the world will double, even if the standard of living in every other nation on
Earth remains the same as it is today.
Question 37. The word “consumption” in the passage is closest in meaning to _____.

A.

development

B.

usage

C.

population

D.

increase

Câu 38

Read the following passage and choose A, B, C or D to indicate the correct answer to each of the
following questions.

In many ways, the increasingly rapid pace of climate change is a direct result of the growth of the
human population. In the last 100 years, the world population has more than tripled, from just under 2 billion
at the beginning of the century to nearly 7 billion today. In addition, the average person uses more energy
and natural resources than the average person one hundred years ago, meaning that the rates of
consumption are actually much higher than just the increase in population would imply. For example, it took
the world 125 years to use the first one trillion barrels of oil. The next trillion barrels will be used in less than
30 years, which is almost 5 times as fast, not three.
All of these activities: food production, energy usage, and the use of natural resources, contribute to climate
change in some way. The greater amounts of oil and other fuels burned to create energy release chemicals
which add to global warming. In order to produce more food, farmers cut down trees to gain more land for
their fields. In addition, we cut down trees to build the houses needed for a larger population. Those trees
are an essential part of controlling global warming; others are too numerous to mention.
In addition to a growing population, the world also has a population that desires a higher standard of
living than in the past, and a higher standard of living requires the use of even more natural resources. A look
at one country will provide a clear example of this fact. China is the world’s most populous nation, with 1.3
billion people. Currently, the standard of living for most of those people is far below that of people in first
world nations. Therefore, the average Chinese citizen uses far fewer natural resources and less energy than
the average citizen of the US or Japan. But China is growing in power, and more of its citizens are beginning
to expect a first world lifestyle. If every Chinese person attains a first world lifestyle, the amount of energy
and natural resources needed in the world will double, even if the standard of living in every other nation on
Earth remains the same as it is today.
Question 38. According to the passage, which of these activities Does NOT contribute to climate
change in some way?

A.

food production

B.

energy usage

C.

wild animals hunting

D.

natural resources consumption

Câu 39

Read the following passage and choose A, B, C or D to indicate the correct answer to each of the
following questions.

In many ways, the increasingly rapid pace of climate change is a direct result of the growth of the
human population. In the last 100 years, the world population has more than tripled, from just under 2 billion
at the beginning of the century to nearly 7 billion today. In addition, the average person uses more energy
and natural resources than the average person one hundred years ago, meaning that the rates of
consumption are actually much higher than just the increase in population would imply. For example, it took
the world 125 years to use the first one trillion barrels of oil. The next trillion barrels will be used in less than
30 years, which is almost 5 times as fast, not three.
All of these activities: food production, energy usage, and the use of natural resources, contribute to climate
change in some way. The greater amounts of oil and other fuels burned to create energy release chemicals
which add to global warming. In order to produce more food, farmers cut down trees to gain more land for
their fields. In addition, we cut down trees to build the houses needed for a larger population. Those trees
are an essential part of controlling global warming; others are too numerous to mention.
In addition to a growing population, the world also has a population that desires a higher standard of
living than in the past, and a higher standard of living requires the use of even more natural resources. A look
at one country will provide a clear example of this fact. China is the world’s most populous nation, with 1.3
billion people. Currently, the standard of living for most of those people is far below that of people in first
world nations. Therefore, the average Chinese citizen uses far fewer natural resources and less energy than
the average citizen of the US or Japan. But China is growing in power, and more of its citizens are beginning
to expect a first world lifestyle. If every Chinese person attains a first world lifestyle, the amount of energy
and natural resources needed in the world will double, even if the standard of living in every other nation on
Earth remains the same as it is today.
Question 39. According to the passage, how does food production contribute to global warming?

A.

Producing more food leads to growth in the world population.

B.

Food production uses many chemicals which add to global warming.

C.

Food production requires that the forests be cleared to create farmland.

D.

Food production decreases the ability of the air to release heat..

Câu 40

Read the following passage and choose A, B, C or D to indicate the correct answer to each of the
following questions.

In many ways, the increasingly rapid pace of climate change is a direct result of the growth of the
human population. In the last 100 years, the world population has more than tripled, from just under 2 billion
at the beginning of the century to nearly 7 billion today. In addition, the average person uses more energy
and natural resources than the average person one hundred years ago, meaning that the rates of
consumption are actually much higher than just the increase in population would imply. For example, it took
the world 125 years to use the first one trillion barrels of oil. The next trillion barrels will be used in less than
30 years, which is almost 5 times as fast, not three.
All of these activities: food production, energy usage, and the use of natural resources, contribute to climate
change in some way. The greater amounts of oil and other fuels burned to create energy release chemicals
which add to global warming. In order to produce more food, farmers cut down trees to gain more land for
their fields. In addition, we cut down trees to build the houses needed for a larger population. Those trees
are an essential part of controlling global warming; others are too numerous to mention.
In addition to a growing population, the world also has a population that desires a higher standard of
living than in the past, and a higher standard of living requires the use of even more natural resources. A look
at one country will provide a clear example of this fact. China is the world’s most populous nation, with 1.3
billion people. Currently, the standard of living for most of those people is far below that of people in first
world nations. Therefore, the average Chinese citizen uses far fewer natural resources and less energy than
the average citizen of the US or Japan. But China is growing in power, and more of its citizens are beginning
to expect a first world lifestyle. If every Chinese person attains a first world lifestyle, the amount of energy
and natural resources needed in the world will double, even if the standard of living in every other nation on
Earth remains the same as it is today.
Question 40. The word “others” in the passage refers to ________.

A.

problems of global warming in the modern world

B.

examples of the environmental consequences of population growth

C.

ways in which our usage of oil will affect the world climate.

D.

the reasons why trees are essential in controlling global warming

Câu 41

Read the following passage and choose A, B, C or D to indicate the correct answer to each of the
following questions.

In many ways, the increasingly rapid pace of climate change is a direct result of the growth of the
human population. In the last 100 years, the world population has more than tripled, from just under 2 billion
at the beginning of the century to nearly 7 billion today. In addition, the average person uses more energy
and natural resources than the average person one hundred years ago, meaning that the rates of
consumption are actually much higher than just the increase in population would imply. For example, it took
the world 125 years to use the first one trillion barrels of oil. The next trillion barrels will be used in less than
30 years, which is almost 5 times as fast, not three.
All of these activities: food production, energy usage, and the use of natural resources, contribute to climate
change in some way. The greater amounts of oil and other fuels burned to create energy release chemicals
which add to global warming. In order to produce more food, farmers cut down trees to gain more land for
their fields. In addition, we cut down trees to build the houses needed for a larger population. Those trees
are an essential part of controlling global warming; others are too numerous to mention.
In addition to a growing population, the world also has a population that desires a higher standard of
living than in the past, and a higher standard of living requires the use of even more natural resources. A look
at one country will provide a clear example of this fact. China is the world’s most populous nation, with 1.3
billion people. Currently, the standard of living for most of those people is far below that of people in first
world nations. Therefore, the average Chinese citizen uses far fewer natural resources and less energy than
the average citizen of the US or Japan. But China is growing in power, and more of its citizens are beginning
to expect a first world lifestyle. If every Chinese person attains a first world lifestyle, the amount of energy
and natural resources needed in the world will double, even if the standard of living in every other nation on
Earth remains the same as it is today.
Question 41. According to the passage, how does the standard of living affect global warming?

A.

Higher standards of living are better for the environment.

B.

First world nations create less population than developing nations.

C.

The use of natural resources is directly related to the standard of living.

D.

High standards of living lead to increases in world population.

Câu 42

Read the following passage and choose A, B, C or D to indicate the correct answer to each of the
following questions.

In many ways, the increasingly rapid pace of climate change is a direct result of the growth of the
human population. In the last 100 years, the world population has more than tripled, from just under 2 billion
at the beginning of the century to nearly 7 billion today. In addition, the average person uses more energy
and natural resources than the average person one hundred years ago, meaning that the rates of
consumption are actually much higher than just the increase in population would imply. For example, it took
the world 125 years to use the first one trillion barrels of oil. The next trillion barrels will be used in less than
30 years, which is almost 5 times as fast, not three.
All of these activities: food production, energy usage, and the use of natural resources, contribute to climate
change in some way. The greater amounts of oil and other fuels burned to create energy release chemicals
which add to global warming. In order to produce more food, farmers cut down trees to gain more land for
their fields. In addition, we cut down trees to build the houses needed for a larger population. Those trees
are an essential part of controlling global warming; others are too numerous to mention.
In addition to a growing population, the world also has a population that desires a higher standard of
living than in the past, and a higher standard of living requires the use of even more natural resources. A look
at one country will provide a clear example of this fact. China is the world’s most populous nation, with 1.3
billion people. Currently, the standard of living for most of those people is far below that of people in first
world nations. Therefore, the average Chinese citizen uses far fewer natural resources and less energy than
the average citizen of the US or Japan. But China is growing in power, and more of its citizens are beginning
to expect a first world lifestyle. If every Chinese person attains a first world lifestyle, the amount of energy
and natural resources needed in the world will double, even if the standard of living in every other nation on
Earth remains the same as it is today.
Question 42. Why does the author discuss China, Japan, and the United States?

A.

To compare the standard of their citizens.

B.

To explain why China will not be able to become a first world nation.

C.

To better illustrate the effects of an increase in standards of living.

D.

To explain why the world's use of energy will need to double soon.

Câu 43

Read the following passage and choose the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the answer to each of
the following questions.

Carnegie Hall, the famous concert hall in New York City, has again undergone a restoration. While this
is not the first, it is certainly the most extensive in the building’s history. As a result of this new restoration,
Carnegie Hall once again has the quality of sound that it had when it was first built.
Carnegie Hall owes its existence to Andrew Carnegie, the wealthy owner of a steel company in the late
1800s. The hall was finished in 1891 and quickly gained a reputation as an excellent performing arts hall
where accomplished musicians gained fame. Despite its reputation, however, the concert hall suffered from
several detrimental renovations over the years. During the Great Depression, when fewer people could afford
to attend performances, the directors sold part of the building to commercial businesses. As a result, a coffee
shop was opened in one corner of the building, for which the builders replaced the brick and terra cotta walls
with windowpanes. A renovation in 1946 seriously damaged the acoustical quality of the hall when the
makers of the film Carnegie Hall cut a gaping hole in the dome of the ceiling to allow for lights and air vents.
The hole was later covered with short curtains and a fake ceiling, but the hall never sounded the same
afterwards.
In 1960, the violinist Isaac Stern became involved in restoring the hall after a group of real estate
developers unveiled plans to demolish Carnegie Hall and build a high-rise office building on the site. This
threat spurred Stern to rally public support for Carnegie Hall and encourage the City of New York to buy the
property. The movement was successful, and the concert hall is now owned by the city. In the current
restoration, builders tested each new material for its sound qualities, and they replaced the hole in the ceiling
with a dome. The builders also restored the outer walls to their original appearance and closed the coffee
shop. Carnegie has never sounded better, and its prospects for the future have never looked more promising.

Question 43. This passage is mainly about ________.

A.

changes to Carnegie Hall

B.

the appearance of Carnegie Hall

C.

Carnegie Hall’s history during the Great Depression

D.

damage to the ceiling in Carnegie Hall

Câu 44

Read the following passage and choose the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the answer to each of
the following questions.

Carnegie Hall, the famous concert hall in New York City, has again undergone a restoration. While this
is not the first, it is certainly the most extensive in the building’s history. As a result of this new restoration,
Carnegie Hall once again has the quality of sound that it had when it was first built.
Carnegie Hall owes its existence to Andrew Carnegie, the wealthy owner of a steel company in the late
1800s. The hall was finished in 1891 and quickly gained a reputation as an excellent performing arts hall
where accomplished musicians gained fame. Despite its reputation, however, the concert hall suffered from
several detrimental renovations over the years. During the Great Depression, when fewer people could afford
to attend performances, the directors sold part of the building to commercial businesses. As a result, a coffee
shop was opened in one corner of the building, for which the builders replaced the brick and terra cotta walls
with windowpanes. A renovation in 1946 seriously damaged the acoustical quality of the hall when the
makers of the film Carnegie Hall cut a gaping hole in the dome of the ceiling to allow for lights and air vents.
The hole was later covered with short curtains and a fake ceiling, but the hall never sounded the same
afterwards.
In 1960, the violinist Isaac Stern became involved in restoring the hall after a group of real estate
developers unveiled plans to demolish Carnegie Hall and build a high-rise office building on the site. This
threat spurred Stern to rally public support for Carnegie Hall and encourage the City of New York to buy the
property. The movement was successful, and the concert hall is now owned by the city. In the current
restoration, builders tested each new material for its sound qualities, and they replaced the hole in the ceiling
with a dome. The builders also restored the outer walls to their original appearance and closed the coffee
shop. Carnegie has never sounded better, and its prospects for the future have never looked more promising.


Question 44. The word “it” in the first paragraph refers to_____

A.

Carnegie Hall

B.

New York City

C.

a restoration.

D.

a plan

Câu 45

Read the following passage and choose the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the answer to each of
the following questions.

Carnegie Hall, the famous concert hall in New York City, has again undergone a restoration. While this
is not the first, it is certainly the most extensive in the building’s history. As a result of this new restoration,
Carnegie Hall once again has the quality of sound that it had when it was first built.
Carnegie Hall owes its existence to Andrew Carnegie, the wealthy owner of a steel company in the late
1800s. The hall was finished in 1891 and quickly gained a reputation as an excellent performing arts hall
where accomplished musicians gained fame. Despite its reputation, however, the concert hall suffered from
several detrimental renovations over the years. During the Great Depression, when fewer people could afford
to attend performances, the directors sold part of the building to commercial businesses. As a result, a coffee
shop was opened in one corner of the building, for which the builders replaced the brick and terra cotta walls
with windowpanes. A renovation in 1946 seriously damaged the acoustical quality of the hall when the
makers of the film Carnegie Hall cut a gaping hole in the dome of the ceiling to allow for lights and air vents.
The hole was later covered with short curtains and a fake ceiling, but the hall never sounded the same
afterwards.
In 1960, the violinist Isaac Stern became involved in restoring the hall after a group of real estate
developers unveiled plans to demolish Carnegie Hall and build a high-rise office building on the site. This
threat spurred Stern to rally public support for Carnegie Hall and encourage the City of New York to buy the
property. The movement was successful, and the concert hall is now owned by the city. In the current
restoration, builders tested each new material for its sound qualities, and they replaced the hole in the ceiling
with a dome. The builders also restored the outer walls to their original appearance and closed the coffee
shop. Carnegie has never sounded better, and its prospects for the future have never looked more promising.


Question 45. What major change happened to the hall in 1946?

A.

The acoustic dome was damaged.

B.

Space in the building was sold to commercial businesses.

C.

The walls were damaged in an earthquake.

D.

Câu 46

Read the following passage and choose the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the answer to each of
the following questions.

Carnegie Hall, the famous concert hall in New York City, has again undergone a restoration. While this
is not the first, it is certainly the most extensive in the building’s history. As a result of this new restoration,
Carnegie Hall once again has the quality of sound that it had when it was first built.
Carnegie Hall owes its existence to Andrew Carnegie, the wealthy owner of a steel company in the late
1800s. The hall was finished in 1891 and quickly gained a reputation as an excellent performing arts hall
where accomplished musicians gained fame. Despite its reputation, however, the concert hall suffered from
several detrimental renovations over the years. During the Great Depression, when fewer people could afford
to attend performances, the directors sold part of the building to commercial businesses. As a result, a coffee
shop was opened in one corner of the building, for which the builders replaced the brick and terra cotta walls
with windowpanes. A renovation in 1946 seriously damaged the acoustical quality of the hall when the
makers of the film Carnegie Hall cut a gaping hole in the dome of the ceiling to allow for lights and air vents.
The hole was later covered with short curtains and a fake ceiling, but the hall never sounded the same
afterwards.
In 1960, the violinist Isaac Stern became involved in restoring the hall after a group of real estate
developers unveiled plans to demolish Carnegie Hall and build a high-rise office building on the site. This
threat spurred Stern to rally public support for Carnegie Hall and encourage the City of New York to buy the
property. The movement was successful, and the concert hall is now owned by the city. In the current
restoration, builders tested each new material for its sound qualities, and they replaced the hole in the ceiling
with a dome. The builders also restored the outer walls to their original appearance and closed the coffee
shop. Carnegie has never sounded better, and its prospects for the future have never looked more promising.


Question 46. Who was Andrew Carnegie?

A.

A violinist.

B.

An architect.

C.

A steel mill owner.

D.

Mayor of New York City.

Câu 47

Read the following passage and choose the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the answer to each of
the following questions.

Carnegie Hall, the famous concert hall in New York City, has again undergone a restoration. While this
is not the first, it is certainly the most extensive in the building’s history. As a result of this new restoration,
Carnegie Hall once again has the quality of sound that it had when it was first built.
Carnegie Hall owes its existence to Andrew Carnegie, the wealthy owner of a steel company in the late
1800s. The hall was finished in 1891 and quickly gained a reputation as an excellent performing arts hall
where accomplished musicians gained fame. Despite its reputation, however, the concert hall suffered from
several detrimental renovations over the years. During the Great Depression, when fewer people could afford
to attend performances, the directors sold part of the building to commercial businesses. As a result, a coffee
shop was opened in one corner of the building, for which the builders replaced the brick and terra cotta walls
with windowpanes. A renovation in 1946 seriously damaged the acoustical quality of the hall when the
makers of the film Carnegie Hall cut a gaping hole in the dome of the ceiling to allow for lights and air vents.
The hole was later covered with short curtains and a fake ceiling, but the hall never sounded the same
afterwards.
In 1960, the violinist Isaac Stern became involved in restoring the hall after a group of real estate
developers unveiled plans to demolish Carnegie Hall and build a high-rise office building on the site. This
threat spurred Stern to rally public support for Carnegie Hall and encourage the City of New York to buy the
property. The movement was successful, and the concert hall is now owned by the city. In the current
restoration, builders tested each new material for its sound qualities, and they replaced the hole in the ceiling
with a dome. The builders also restored the outer walls to their original appearance and closed the coffee
shop. Carnegie has never sounded better, and its prospects for the future have never looked more promising.


Question 47. What was Isaac Stern’s relationship to Carnegie Hall?

A.

He made the movie “Carnegie Hall” in 1946.

B.

He performed on opening night in 1891.

C.

He tried to save the hall, beginning in 1960.

D.

He opened a coffee shop in Carnegie Hall during the Depression.

Câu 48

Read the following passage and choose the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the answer to each of
the following questions.

Carnegie Hall, the famous concert hall in New York City, has again undergone a restoration. While this
is not the first, it is certainly the most extensive in the building’s history. As a result of this new restoration,
Carnegie Hall once again has the quality of sound that it had when it was first built.
Carnegie Hall owes its existence to Andrew Carnegie, the wealthy owner of a steel company in the late
1800s. The hall was finished in 1891 and quickly gained a reputation as an excellent performing arts hall
where accomplished musicians gained fame. Despite its reputation, however, the concert hall suffered from
several detrimental renovations over the years. During the Great Depression, when fewer people could afford
to attend performances, the directors sold part of the building to commercial businesses. As a result, a coffee
shop was opened in one corner of the building, for which the builders replaced the brick and terra cotta walls
with windowpanes. A renovation in 1946 seriously damaged the acoustical quality of the hall when the
makers of the film Carnegie Hall cut a gaping hole in the dome of the ceiling to allow for lights and air vents.
The hole was later covered with short curtains and a fake ceiling, but the hall never sounded the same
afterwards.
In 1960, the violinist Isaac Stern became involved in restoring the hall after a group of real estate
developers unveiled plans to demolish Carnegie Hall and build a high-rise office building on the site. This
threat spurred Stern to rally public support for Carnegie Hall and encourage the City of New York to buy the
property. The movement was successful, and the concert hall is now owned by the city. In the current
restoration, builders tested each new material for its sound qualities, and they replaced the hole in the ceiling
with a dome. The builders also restored the outer walls to their original appearance and closed the coffee
shop. Carnegie has never sounded better, and its prospects for the future have never looked more promising.


Question 48. What was probably the most important aspect of the recent renovation?

A.

Restoring the outer wall.

B.

Expanding the lobby.

C.

Restoring the plaster trim.

D.

Repairing the ceiling.

Câu 49

Read the following passage and choose the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the answer to each of
the following questions.

Carnegie Hall, the famous concert hall in New York City, has again undergone a restoration. While this
is not the first, it is certainly the most extensive in the building’s history. As a result of this new restoration,
Carnegie Hall once again has the quality of sound that it had when it was first built.
Carnegie Hall owes its existence to Andrew Carnegie, the wealthy owner of a steel company in the late
1800s. The hall was finished in 1891 and quickly gained a reputation as an excellent performing arts hall
where accomplished musicians gained fame. Despite its reputation, however, the concert hall suffered from
several detrimental renovations over the years. During the Great Depression, when fewer people could afford
to attend performances, the directors sold part of the building to commercial businesses. As a result, a coffee
shop was opened in one corner of the building, for which the builders replaced the brick and terra cotta walls
with windowpanes. A renovation in 1946 seriously damaged the acoustical quality of the hall when the
makers of the film Carnegie Hall cut a gaping hole in the dome of the ceiling to allow for lights and air vents.
The hole was later covered with short curtains and a fake ceiling, but the hall never sounded the same
afterwards.
In 1960, the violinist Isaac Stern became involved in restoring the hall after a group of real estate
developers unveiled plans to demolish Carnegie Hall and build a high-rise office building on the site. This
threat spurred Stern to rally public support for Carnegie Hall and encourage the City of New York to buy the
property. The movement was successful, and the concert hall is now owned by the city. In the current
restoration, builders tested each new material for its sound qualities, and they replaced the hole in the ceiling
with a dome. The builders also restored the outer walls to their original appearance and closed the coffee
shop. Carnegie has never sounded better, and its prospects for the future have never looked more promising.


Question 49. Which of the following is closest in meaning to the word “unveiled” in paragraph 3?

A.

Announced.

B.

Restricted.

C.

Overshadowed.

D.

Located.

Câu 50

Read the following passage and choose the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the answer to each of
the following questions.

Carnegie Hall, the famous concert hall in New York City, has again undergone a restoration. While this
is not the first, it is certainly the most extensive in the building’s history. As a result of this new restoration,
Carnegie Hall once again has the quality of sound that it had when it was first built.
Carnegie Hall owes its existence to Andrew Carnegie, the wealthy owner of a steel company in the late
1800s. The hall was finished in 1891 and quickly gained a reputation as an excellent performing arts hall
where accomplished musicians gained fame. Despite its reputation, however, the concert hall suffered from
several detrimental renovations over the years. During the Great Depression, when fewer people could afford
to attend performances, the directors sold part of the building to commercial businesses. As a result, a coffee
shop was opened in one corner of the building, for which the builders replaced the brick and terra cotta walls
with windowpanes. A renovation in 1946 seriously damaged the acoustical quality of the hall when the
makers of the film Carnegie Hall cut a gaping hole in the dome of the ceiling to allow for lights and air vents.
The hole was later covered with short curtains and a fake ceiling, but the hall never sounded the same
afterwards.
In 1960, the violinist Isaac Stern became involved in restoring the hall after a group of real estate
developers unveiled plans to demolish Carnegie Hall and build a high-rise office building on the site. This
threat spurred Stern to rally public support for Carnegie Hall and encourage the City of New York to buy the
property. The movement was successful, and the concert hall is now owned by the city. In the current
restoration, builders tested each new material for its sound qualities, and they replaced the hole in the ceiling
with a dome. The builders also restored the outer walls to their original appearance and closed the coffee
shop. Carnegie has never sounded better, and its prospects for the future have never looked more promising.


Question 50. How does the author seem to feel about the future of Carnegie Hall?

A.

Ambiguous. 

B.

Guarded.

C.

Optimistic.

D.

Negative.

 

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